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|Birth name||Frederick Jay Rubin|
|Also known as||DJ Double R|
|Born||March 10, 1963|
|Birth place||Long Beach, New York|
|Genres||Rock, hip hop, heavy metal, country|
|Instruments||Guitar, piano, sampler|
|Labels||Def Jam, American, Columbia, Warner Bros., Epic, Blackened Recordings|
Frederick Jay "Rick" Rubin (born March 10, 1963) is an American record producer and former co-president of Columbia Records. Along with Russell Simmons, Rubin is the co-founder of Def Jam Records and also established American Recordings. With the Beastie Boys, LL Cool J, Public Enemy, and Run–D.M.C., Rubin helped popularize hip hop music.
Rubin has also worked with artists such as Coheed And Cambria, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Kanye West, Johnny Cash, The Black Crowes, Slayer, Jay Z, Jake Bugg, James Blake, Danzig, Dixie Chicks, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Black Sabbath, Slipknot, Metallica, AC/DC, Aerosmith, Weezer, Linkin Park, The Cult, At The Drive-In, Neil Diamond, The Avett Brothers, Joe Strummer, Mick Jagger, System of a Down, The Mars Volta, Rage Against the Machine, Melanie C, Audioslave, Sheryl Crow, ZZ Top, Jakob Dylan, Lana Del Rey, Lady Gaga, Shakira, Ed Sheeran, Damien Rice, Eminem, Frank Ocean, Gogol Bordello, and The Four Horsemen. In 2007, MTV called him "the most important producer of the last 20 years," and the same year Rubin appeared on Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World.
Work with Adele
Rubin produced five songs from 21:
Rubin worked with Andrew Scheps (mixer), Greg Fidelman (recorder), Sara Lyn Killion (assistant), Phillip Broussard Jr. (assistant), and Lindsay Chase (production coordinator). All of the songs he worked on were recorded at Shangri La Studios in Malibu, California and mixed at Punkerpad West in Van Nuys, California.
Rubin originally planned to produce a cover of INXS's "Never Tear Us Apart" for 21, but Adele found her vocals "unconvincing," and the cover was scrapped in favor of a bossa-nova style version of "Lovesong" by The Cure, which Rubin originally had planned for someone like Barbara Streisand.