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Rick Rubin
Rick Rubin
Birth name Frederick Jay Rubin
Also known as DJ Double R
Born March 10, 1963
Birth place Long Beach, New York
Genres Rock, hip hop, heavy metal, country
Occupation(s) Record producer
Instruments Guitar, piano, sampler
Labels Def Jam, American, Columbia, Warner Bros., Epic, Blackened Recordings

Frederick Jay "RickRubin (born March 10, 1963) is an American record producer and former co-president of Columbia Records. Along with Russell Simmons, Rubin is the co-founder of Def Jam Records and also established American Recordings. With the Beastie BoysLL Cool JPublic Enemy, and Run–D.M.C., Rubin helped popularize hip hop music.

Rubin has also worked with artists such as Coheed And CambriaRed Hot Chili PeppersKanye WestJohnny CashThe Black CrowesSlayerJay ZJake BuggJames BlakeDanzigDixie ChicksTom Petty and the HeartbreakersBlack SabbathSlipknot, Metallica, AC/DC, Aerosmith, Weezer, Linkin Park, The Cult, At The Drive-In, Neil DiamondThe Avett BrothersJoe StrummerMick JaggerSystem of a DownThe Mars VoltaRage Against the MachineMelanie C, Audioslave, Sheryl Crow, ZZ TopJakob DylanLana Del ReyLady GagaShakiraEd Sheeran, Damien RiceEminemFrank OceanGogol Bordello, and The Four Horsemen. In 2007, MTV called him "the most important producer of the last 20 years," and the same year Rubin appeared on Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World.

Rubin was one of the main producers on Adele's sophomore album, 21. Despite not contributing to the final product of her third album, 25, Rubin served as a creative consultant for the album.

Work with Adele[]

Rubin produced five songs from 21:

Rubin worked with Andrew Scheps (mixer), Greg Fidelman (recorder), Sara Lyn Killion (assistant), Phillip Broussard Jr. (assistant), and Lindsay Chase (production coordinator). All of the songs he worked on were recorded at Shangri La Studios in Malibu, California and mixed at Punkerpad West in Van Nuys, California.

Rubin originally planned to produce a cover of INXS's "Never Tear Us Apart" for 21, but Adele found her vocals "unconvincing," and the cover was scrapped in favor of a bossa-nova style version of "Lovesong" by The Cure, which Rubin originally had planned for someone like Barbara Streisand.