XL Recordings is a British independent record label which was launched by Nick Halkes, Tim Palmer and Richard Russell with Beggars Banquet Records in 1989 to release its rave and dance music. The label has grown into one of the most commercially successful and influential independent record labels in the world. They operate across a range of genres. British singer Adele is signed to the record label. It is her primary record label, being that it is based in her home country (the United Kingdom), although she is also signed to Columbia Records, which distributes her music in the United States.